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Spatial Planning and Resilience Following DisastersInternational and Comparative Perspectives$
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Stefan Greiving, Michio Ubaura, and Jaroslav Tesliar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447323587

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447323587.001.0001

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Disaster risk management and its relationship to land use geographies vulnerable to water-related disasters: an analysis of the Japanese legislative system

Disaster risk management and its relationship to land use geographies vulnerable to water-related disasters: an analysis of the Japanese legislative system

Chapter:
(p.19) Chapter A1a Disaster risk management and its relationship to land use geographies vulnerable to water-related disasters: an analysis of the Japanese legislative system
Source:
Spatial Planning and Resilience Following Disasters
Author(s):

Kanako Iuchi

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447323587.003.0002

Over the past several decades the Japanese government has iteratively improved institutional and legislative frameworks for risk management after major natural disasters. Recently, reducing spatial vulnerability has been emphasized and laws related to land use and disaster management acts have been refined for implementation. Nevertheless, actual risk control via land use had been limited prior to the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 (GEJE). Since Japan has relatively little residential land compared to their large population, designating hazardous areas was considered impractical and financially infeasible. In post-GEJE rebuilding, however, a paradigm shift has been observed – land use control has been strictly enforced, with an unprecedented amount of land designated as hazardous. This chapter explains the foundation of the disaster management system and land use control in Japan by introducing institutional and legislative frameworks that relate to water-related disasters.

Keywords:   land use, risk control, disaster management, post-GEJE rebuilding, Japan

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