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China and Post-Socialist Development$
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Andrzej Bolesta

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447321507

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447321507.001.0001

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The developmental state

The developmental state

Chapter:
(p.7) Chapter One The developmental state
Source:
China and Post-Socialist Development
Author(s):

Andrzej Bolesta

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447321507.003.0002

This chapter is a thorough examination of the concept of the developmental state (DS) – believed to be a key policy and institutional arrangement behind the greatest developmental successes of the second half of the twentieth century, often referred to as the East Asian miracle. The chapter is also concerned with the DS model's contemporary applicability and the extension of the DS debate to China. Is it a contemporarily valid recipe for underdevelopment or just a historical phenomenon with no relevance for the globalised world? In view of the spectacular developmental advancements of China and its geographical and cultural proximity to the countries of the East Asian miracle, among them Japan and Korea, there perhaps should be some reference and relevance. The chapter starts with an analysis of the features of the developmental state, which involves its economic and political conditionality. It examines the model's geographical and temporal limitations, the relations among the state's main actors, institutional and systemic arrangements, state ideology and state policies. Upon establishing a set of features and conditionalities, as presented in the scholarly literature, it is argued that the model's variation can still be contemporarily applicable. It is then explained how it extends to contemporary China.

Keywords:   the developmental state, East Asian miracle, developmental successes, China's development, development models

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