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New philanthropy and social justiceDebating the conceptual and policy discourse$
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Behrooz Morvaridi

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447316978

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447316978.001.0001

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Philanthrocapitalism, ‘pro-poor’ agricultural biotechnology and development

Philanthrocapitalism, ‘pro-poor’ agricultural biotechnology and development

Chapter:
(p.101) Six Philanthrocapitalism, ‘pro-poor’ agricultural biotechnology and development
Source:
New philanthropy and social justice
Author(s):

Sally Brooks

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447316978.003.0006

The rising interest in new forms of philanthropy, particularly philanthrocapitalism, has led scholars to consider how biodiversity conservation is affected by these new ways of thinking about and doing philanthropy. The incorporation of capitalist discourse, practices, and motives within philanthrocapitalism have been analysed as part of wider moves towards neoliberal forms of conservation in which saving biodiversity is increasingly done using market mechanisms, and justified using market discourses. These analyses consider what philanthrocapitalism means for endangered biodiversity; what species are saved, how, and where, and what it means for social justice and people living near this biodiversity. This chapter examines philanthrocapitalism’s role in the rise of privately owned nature reserves in southern Chile. In the last two decades such reserves, some totalling more than 300,000 hectares, have emerged as a major land use in Chilean Patagonia. Drawing on 40 interviews with owners and managers of private nature reserves, as well as other actors, this chapter considers how the discourses and practices of these private reserves reflect philanthrocapitalist ideas. Such an empirical analysis has profound implications for debates on the role of philanthropy and the private sector in biodiversity conservation worldwide.

Keywords:   philanthrocapitalism, biodiversity, neoliberalism, conservation, Chile

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