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Race Policy and Multiracial Americans$
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Kathleen Odell Korgen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447316459

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447316459.001.0001

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Multiracial Americans throughout the history of the US

Multiracial Americans throughout the history of the US

Chapter:
(p.13) One Multiracial Americans throughout the history of the US
Source:
Race Policy and Multiracial Americans
Author(s):

Tyrone Nagai

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447316459.003.0002

This chapter describes how a dominant ideology concerning racial mixing developed in the U.S. beginning in the colonial period and accelerated with the founding of the nation. This ideology, based on White supremacy and racial hierarchy was enforced through anti-miscegenation laws and the “one-drop rule,” which was a restrictive form of hypodescent that classified everyone with African ancestry as Black (i.e., “one drop of blood”). Racial categorizations were a key means for enforcing this racial hierarchy. The chapter also includes a discussion of the evolution of different systems of categorization and enumeration for multiracial people as stipulated in the U.S. Constitution, U.S. Census, and Supreme Court cases.

Keywords:   white supremacy, one drop rule, racial categorizations, race, u s constitution, u s census, supreme court

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