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Disability and the Welfare State in BritainChanges in Perception and Policy 1948-79$
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Jameel Hampton

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447316428

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447316428.001.0001

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Promotional welfare, 1948–63

Promotional welfare, 1948–63

(p.49) Three Promotional welfare, 1948–63
Disability and the Welfare State in Britain

Jameel Hampton

Policy Press

This chapter examines the limited attempts to improve the welfare of disabled people from the National Assistance Act 1948, the final piece of the welfare state settlement, to the end of thirteen years of Conservative governments in 1964. The welfare state settlement of 1943-8, and its architect, William Beveridge, largely consigned disabled people to National Assistance. The 1950s were a period of growth of welfare expenditure and the Conservative’s commitment to the welfare state. Disabled people, however, lacked the political or public esteem necessary to become adjudged as worthy targets of additional statutory provision. The independent enquiries of the middle 1950s, however, raised the overall profile of disabled people and this manifested itself in the House of Commons and the media. There was a growing sense that the state would gradually assume responsibility for disabled people from formal and informal voluntarism.

Keywords:   Conservative governments 1951-64, voluntarism, rediscovery of poverty, National Assistance Act 1948, William Beveridge

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