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Leading Policing in EuropeAn empirical study of strategic police leadership$
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Bryn Caless and Steve Tong

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447315728

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447315728.001.0001

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European Policing in Context

European Policing in Context

(p.27) One European Policing in Context
Leading Policing in Europe

Bryn Caless

Steve Tong

Policy Press

The background for the study is given following which the nature of accountability, the selection of strategic police leaders, their promotion and their membership of a ‘closed elite’ are discussed. Six models of policing in Europe are analysed and a historical context given for modern European policing across more than 30 countries. The export of the Napoleonic model across Western Europe accounts for a widespread ‘two force’ system of gendarmerie and national police, and a contrast is drawn with the localised Anglo-Saxon model. Historical police systems, including those from repressive one-party states, are considered before analysis of a European “democracy” model which includes the adoption of human rights. This model is resonant with countries newly emergent from the former Soviet Union.

Keywords:   models, modern, European, justice, history

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