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Global social policy in the makingThe foundations of the social protection floor$
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Bob Deacon

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447312338

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447312338.001.0001

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The global economic and social policy context

The global economic and social policy context

(p.13) Two The global economic and social policy context
Global social policy in the making

Bob Deacon

Policy Press

This chapter provides an historical background to the social protection floor story. It outlines the challenge that took place in the 1980s and 1990s to universal welfare states and to the universal social policy principles with which they were associated, leading to the dominance of the safety net policy of the World Bank. The chapter recounts the emergence of a counter project, driven by global social reformists and social development experts, seeking to re-establish the case for universal social policies within a development context. It reports the birth from below of a new form of social policy universalism within large parts of the Global South, exemplified by the development of both Conditional Cash Transfer programmes and of universal categorical social pensions. Next, it points to the debate about how to extend social security coverage globally which became polarized between different ideas and fractions. Finally it shows how these debates entered the Social Security Department of the ILO itself between 2000 and 2005 but were resolved by dint of reorganization and promotion in 2005 effectively in favour of the social protection floor approach.

Keywords:   Safety nets, Global social reformist, Universalism, Extend social security

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