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Money for everyoneWhy we need a citizen's income$
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Malcolm Torry

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447311249

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.001.0001

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Would a Citizen's Income be an Answer to Poverty, Inequality, and Injustice?

Would a Citizen's Income be an Answer to Poverty, Inequality, and Injustice?

(p.161) Chapter 11 Would a Citizen's Income be an Answer to Poverty, Inequality, and Injustice?
Money for everyone

Malcolm Torry

Policy Press

The disadvantages of the term ‘poverty’ are rehearsed, but it is decided to retain it, and to employ a dynamic definition of poverty which encourages the removal of barriers to social inclusion and thus reduces social exclusion. A Citizen's Income would offer greater social inclusion, and would also offer both process freedom and capabilities freedom. Rising levels of inequality, and the resultant social rifts, are discussed, as are the causal connections between different kinds of inequality and whether or not we should aim at income redistribution. Using John Rawls’ definition of justice, the chapter shows how a Citizen's Income would reduce injustice. One particularly important way in which a Citizen's Income would reduce inequality is that, because it would reduce marginal deduction rates, it would raise people's ability to increase their net income. This means that if households suffer losses when the current benefits system is replaced by one based on a Citizen's Income, it would not be too difficult for them to repair any gap in their household budget.

Keywords:   Poverty, Dynamic definition of poverty, Social inclusion, Social exclusion, Process freedom, Capabilities freedom, Inequality, Social rifts, Redistribution, injustice

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