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Renewing Europe's housing$
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Richard Turkington and Christopher Watson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447310129

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447310129.001.0001

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Housing and urban renewal in the Netherlands

Housing and urban renewal in the Netherlands

(p.97) Five Housing and urban renewal in the Netherlands
Renewing Europe's housing

Frank Wassenberg

Policy Press

Housing shortage was for many years one of the top issues in the Netherlands and 80 per cent of the present housing stock has been built since the Second World War. Contemporary urban renewal has focused on deprived areas from the 1950s and 1960s where there are many multi-family dwellings in the social rented sector. Large-scale slum clearance and redevelopment ended in the early 1970s and the focus switched to small-scale renewal, renovating old houses in old neighbourhoods, with residents’ participation. In major projects from the 1990s onwards, an integrated policy was developed, in which the involvement of local people and greater responsibility for local government as mediator were important. A ‘big city policy’ from the mid-1990s targeted renewal in the country’s largest towns and cities. The national government’s financial contribution to this programme ended in 2014, suggesting that housing renewal is now at a crossroads. With the economic crisis, renewal projects are being slowed down, frozen, delayed, reconsidered, or cancelled. The consequences of this are questioned in the light of a situation from which the national government seems intent on withdrawing.

Keywords:   modern housing stock, housing renewal importance, roles of central and local government, residents’ participation, economic crisis

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