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Renewing Europe's housing$
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Richard Turkington and Christopher Watson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447310129

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447310129.001.0001

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From squatter upgrading to large-scale renewal programmes: housing renewal in Turkey

From squatter upgrading to large-scale renewal programmes: housing renewal in Turkey

(p.215) Ten From squatter upgrading to large-scale renewal programmes: housing renewal in Turkey
Renewing Europe's housing

Zeynep Gunay

T Kerem Koramaz

A Sule Ozuekren

Policy Press

Since the modern Republic was established in 1923, Turkey has experienced rapid population growth, placing great demands on housing resources. Housing was developed in the past through formal and informal means, but from the 1990s, attention has been given to the need for housing renewal, to improve living conditions and to mitigate the risks from natural disasters. In the 2000s, housing renewal policy shifted from squatter settlement upgrading to a much more comprehensive approach. An account of the development of housing renewal policies from 1923 to the 2010s is followed by an exploration of present-day housing renewal, taking the Istanbul Historic Peninsula as an example. The main approaches here are ‘bottom up’ with loans, grants and other incentives for rehabilitating individual houses, and ‘top down’ using large-scale renewal under the 2005 Renewal Law. This is designed for earthquake risk mitigation and to ‘transform’ the neighbourhoods of the historic centre, requiring extensive clearance which is often controversial, especially because of the historic character of the area and its place in the city’s cultural heritage. It is argued that future policy needs to give greater weight to rehabilitation and upgrading and to the participation of local residents in renewal strategies.

Keywords:   housing renewal Turkey, Istanbul Historic Peninsula, improving individual houses, earthquake risk, neighbourhood transformation, cultural heritage, resident participation

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