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Responding to hate crimeThe case for connecting policy and research$
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Neil Chakraborti and Jon Garland

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447308768

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447308768.001.0001

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Using a ‘Layers of Influence’ Model to Understand the Interaction of Research, Policy and Practice in Relation to Disablist Hate Crime

Using a ‘Layers of Influence’ Model to Understand the Interaction of Research, Policy and Practice in Relation to Disablist Hate Crime

Chapter:
(p.99) Seven Using a ‘Layers of Influence’ Model to Understand the Interaction of Research, Policy and Practice in Relation to Disablist Hate Crime
Source:
Responding to hate crime
Author(s):

Chih Hoong Sin

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447308768.003.0008

Using a ‘layers of influence’ model, disablist hate crime can be understood as the result of complex interactions within and across the different layers of influence operating in the lives of disabled people. Both structure and agency are acknowledged, and are understood as the interdependency of various levels of social aggregate within which any individual is positioned. Using the model to help interrogate the links between research, policy and practice, it is argued that research is perhaps most directly influential on policy and practice within the confines of hate crime and criminal justice. Yet, to understand disablist hate crime holistically and to prevent it, we cannot treat it purely as a criminal justice issue. The model points clearly to the fact that the determinants of hate crime are positioned at various degrees of ‘closeness’ to disabled people and to the direct incidence and experience of the hate crime itself.

Keywords:   layers of influence, structure and agency, determinants of hate crime, prevent, criminal justice

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