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The shame of itGlobal perspectives on anti-poverty policies$
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Erika K. Gubrium, Sony Pellissery, and Ivar Lødemel

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447308713

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447308713.001.0001

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Pakistan: a journey of poverty-induced shame

Pakistan: a journey of poverty-induced shame

Chapter:
(p.111) Six Pakistan: a journey of poverty-induced shame
Source:
The shame of it
Author(s):

Sohail Choudhry

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447308713.003.0006

This chapter begins with a discussion of the changing political discourse in Pakistan from the 1960s until today, concerning welfare that prioritized economic growth by way of creating infrastructure and incentivizing an import substitution industry. Alongside a discussion of the economic causes and context of poverty and public policy, this chapter reviews the psycho-social dimensions of poverty and shame in the time period under question. Poverty in Pakistan has often been seen as a problem of inequality of income and ineffective redistribution. However, the chapter argues that poverty discourses are equally influenced by prevalent power structures which have mostly favoured policies which encourage dependence over those promoting individual agency. While these policies have generated short-term popular support, they have also worked adversely to affect the capacities of the people in the long-term and have thus reduced social mobility in Pakistan.

Keywords:   Pakistan, History of social policy discourse, Income inequality, Strong social hierarchy, corruption

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