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"Young people, welfare and crime"Governing non-participation$
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Ross Fergusson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447307013

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447307013.001.0001

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Review and concluding comments

Review and concluding comments

(p.221) Nine Review and concluding comments
"Young people, welfare and crime"

Ross Fergusson

Policy Press

The final chapter begins by reviewing how the previous chapters have met the aims with which the book began. This takes the form of a synoptic account that connects each chapter. The second part of the chapter offers concluding comments. It argues that the means by which young people can elude unsuitable, exploitative and oppressive forms of enforced participation are being incrementally closed off. The most vulnerable young non-participants are seen to occupy an ambiguous and risky hinterland between self-invisiblisation and self-identification as targets for monitoring and intervention. In particular, those who refuse enforced particiapiton (or refuge from it) are those most likely to become criminalised through civil action, by imputation or by being impelled to secure their own material survival through crime. These conclusions also incorporate a final assessment of the contributions of Tyler’s and Habermas’ analyses, arguing that their potential for understanding mass non-particiapiton has yet to be fully realised. In particular, their illumination of the advance of criminalisation provides a powerful basis for setting priorities for programmes of research and political action that respond to the vulnerabilities and social injustices that this book has identified. Two closing sections outline what such programmes might usefully attempt.

Keywords:   criminalisation, Global Financial Crisis, non-participation, political action, research, young people

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