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"Young people, welfare and crime"Governing non-participation$
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Ross Fergusson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447307013

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447307013.001.0001

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Lines of division, points of entry: two theories

Lines of division, points of entry: two theories

(p.145) Six Lines of division, points of entry: two theories
"Young people, welfare and crime"

Ross Fergusson

Policy Press

This chapter considers the combined potential of Jürgen Habermas’s and Imogen Tyler’s work for re-theorising non-particiapiton amongst young people. Habermas’ approach works across paradigms by virtue of his attention to the individual, the idiographic and the endogenous, alongside his dominant emphasis on structures, nomothetic levels of analysis and the influence of exogenous factors on human conduct and action. His analyses of the strident imposition of the demands of systems of money and political power on lifeworlds at the critical tipping points between diminishing adolescent dependence and emerging adult independence are shown to offer illuminating alternatives for re-theorising young people’s non-participation. Inversely, Tyler’s analysis of social abjection and oppression under rising powers of neoliberal governmentalisation is paradigm-traversing by virtue of her overarching emphasis on the personal and psychosocial constituents of both concepts. Her analysis of the ways in which non-participation is represented through policy and practice is shown to demonstrate the capacities of abjection and governmentalisation to reposition victims as authors of their own oppression. The chapter draws out the complementarities of Tyler’s and Habermas’ work by highlighting the attention they afford to interactions between cognitive, affective, rational and emotional elements of young people’s responses to non-participation that have been overlooked.

Keywords:   Imogen Tyler, Jürgen Habermas, lifeworld, neoliberal governmentalisation, non-participation, social abjection, systems

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