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"Young people, welfare and crime"Governing non-participation$
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Ross Fergusson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447307013

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447307013.001.0001

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Young people and non-participation: discourses, histories, literatures

Young people and non-participation: discourses, histories, literatures

Chapter:
(p.29) Two Young people and non-participation: discourses, histories, literatures
Source:
"Young people, welfare and crime"
Author(s):

Ross Fergusson

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447307013.003.0002

Chapter Two maps the historical tensions between fluctuating demand for young people’s labour and the legal requirement that they participate in education. It critically reviews three overlapping discourses and literatures that have dominated accounts of the relationship between employment, education and non-participation, tracing a defining shift from three post-war decades of relatively reliable transitions from school to work, to unprecedented levels of youth unemployment since the 1980s. The youth transitions discourse focusses on young people’s options for smooth passage from education to employment, and remediable obstacles to it. In response to mass ‘failed transitions’, the social exclusion discourse of the New Labour era marks a major shift to emphasising the responsibilisation of young people, and the conditionalisation of welfare entitlement. The disengagement discourse came to prominence during the Global Financial Crisis and moves interpretations of non-participation towards poor personal choices and shortcomings focussed on individual factors of analysis.

Keywords:   disengagement, education, Employment, non-participation, social exclusion, unemployment, welfare conditionalisation, youth transitions

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