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Policy analysis in Brazil$
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Jeni Vaitsman, Jose M. Ribeiro, and Lenaura Lobato

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447306849

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447306849.001.0001

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Policy Analysis at the Municipal Level of Government

Policy Analysis at the Municipal Level of Government

(p.107) Nine Policy Analysis at the Municipal Level of Government
Policy analysis in Brazil

Marta Ferreira Santos Farah

Policy Press

In the chapter on policy analysis in the municipal sphere, Marta Farah shows, from a historical standpoint and in the light of the importance of the problems at different conjunctures, how knowledge was mobilised for local government programmes. The initial, 19th century emphasis on urban and housing problems shifted to the interface between urbanism and developmentalism in the first half of the 20th century, in keeping with the State's role as the agent of development, especially from the 1930s onwards. The patterns of policy analysis produced by municipal institutions varied according to the political regime in place in Brazil: under the military regime, centralisation and planning; with the democratic regime after 1988, decentralisation and civil society participation, together with a strengthening of municipal agendas addressing social problems. A number of policies embodied an endeavour to articulate among management, social participation and the collegiate bodies set up between government and civil society organisations, which were to become sources in the production of policy options and solutions.

Keywords:   Municipalities, Decentralization, Social participation, Local level governments, Urbanism, Developmentalism, Brazil

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