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Policy analysis in Germany$
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Sonja Blum and Klaus Schubert

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447306252

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447306252.001.0001

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The development of policy analysis in Germany: practical problems and theoretical concepts

The development of policy analysis in Germany: practical problems and theoretical concepts

Chapter:
(p.29) Three The development of policy analysis in Germany: practical problems and theoretical concepts
Source:
Policy analysis in Germany
Author(s):

Werner Jann

Bastian Jantz

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447306252.003.0003

The chapter provides an inventory of key issues and results in policy analysis research in Germany. It outlines main trends (e.g. planning, implementation, networks, ideas and institutions), discusses relations to the international debate, to other areas of political science, other disciplines, and to political and administrative practice. In the early ‘planning euphoria’, policy analysis was part of a ‘reform coalition’ engaged in developing tools and methods for identifying and formulating more effective and cost-efficient policies. Soon, however, the disillusionment with technocratic planning turned the attention to empirical studies of implementation and evaluation. The basic paradigm shifted from hierarchical top-down assumptions of policy development by government and implementation by administrative agencies, towards a bottom-up perspective, emphasizing characteristics of target groups and their reactions, a general loss of importance of hierarchical steering and the importance of networks and coordination mechanism between state and societal actors. Policy analysis has gained considerable influence in German political science due to its truly interdisciplinary nature, its broad empirical base and its combination of new theoretical approaches with pressing practical problems.

Keywords:   Planning, Implementation, Evaluation, Networks, Governance, Reform, Administration

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