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Leading the inclusive cityPlace-based innovation for a bounded planet$
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Robin Hambleton

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447304975

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447304975.001.0001

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Leading the eco-city

Leading the eco-city

(p.206) (p.207) Chapter 8 Leading the eco-city
Leading the inclusive city

Robin Hambleton

Policy Press

The goal of many eco-cities is for residents, businesses and public agencies to eliminate carbon waste and to produce all needed energy through renewable resources. This chapter discusses attempts by progressive cities to pursue this aim. The introduction of a congestion charge (on vehicles operating within central London) by Mayor Ken Livingstone in 2003 provides an example of bold civic leadership designed to advance progressive public policy. Mayor Livingstone’s popularity increased following the imposition of this new environmental tax. The chapter discusses various aspects of the ongoing eco-city debate, including: climate change, smart growth, urban resilience and sustainable transport. Three Innovation Stories are provided to illustrate successful eco-city leadership in action. The first outlines the introduction of the first Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in the world in Curitiba, Brazil. The second documents the way civic leaders in Guangzhou, China created the largest BRT system in Asia in 2010. The third discusses the way Freiburg, Germany has established itself as a world leader in relation to sustainable development. These examples show how inspirational place-based leadership can play a key role in furthering the development of progressive, eco-friendly public policies.

Keywords:   bus rapid transit, climate change, congestion charge, Curitiba, Freiburg, Guangzhou, leadership, London, resilience, sustainable development

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