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Leading the inclusive cityPlace-based innovation for a bounded planet$
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Robin Hambleton

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447304975

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447304975.001.0001

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Democratic urban governance

Democratic urban governance

Chapter:
(p.172) (p.173) Chapter 7 Democratic urban governance
Source:
Leading the inclusive city
Author(s):

Robin Hambleton

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447304975.003.0007

This chapter explains why strong local government has a vital role to play in rebuilding the power of place in modern societies. The chapter starts out by recapping on the problems presented by place-less power. This paves the way for a discussion of the question: What is local government for? The main dimensions of democracy are then considered: inclusiveness, popular control, considered judgement, transparency and efficiency, and civic leadership. The institutional design of local democracy can help or hinder the exercise of local leadership and the next section presents a range of urban governance models. With the aid of diagrams the discussion explores the strengths and weaknesses of alternative approaches, including the idea of introducing directly elected mayors to strengthen place-based leadership. An Innovation Story, documenting the creation in 2010 of a new super-city, headed by a directly elected mayor, to govern Auckland, New Zealand, illustrates the argument. The chapter then turns to focus on citizen empowerment and the co-creation of solutions. A ladder of citizen empowerment is presented. An Innovation Story on the governance of Malmo, Sweden, illustrates the value of decentralising power to the neighbourhood level.

Keywords:   Auckland, citizen empowerment, democracy, directly elected mayors, empowerment, institutional design, leadership, local government, Malmo

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