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Leading the inclusive cityPlace-based innovation for a bounded planet$
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Robin Hambleton

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447304975

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447304975.001.0001

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Understanding place and public policy

Understanding place and public policy

Chapter:
(p.78) (p.79) Chapter 4 Understanding place and public policy
Source:
Leading the inclusive city
Author(s):

Robin Hambleton

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447304975.003.0004

This chapter argues that place should play a much more prominent role in policy making. The meaning of place is considered and five reasons for paying more attention to place are outlined: 1) Place-based identity, 2) The environment, local loyalty and the quality of life, 3) Enhancing governmental effectiveness, 4) Places as building blocks for local democracy, and 5) The need to combat place-less power. Three themes relating to place in modern public policy are then discussed. Place marketing is criticised because it can distort public spending in ways that work against the creation of the inclusive city. Place making and place shaping are, on the other hand, key areas where civic leaders can take steps to create more inclusive cities. The first Innovation Story in the book, describing the creation of the High Line, a remarkable ‘public park in the sky’, in New York City, is presented. The troubling growth of gated communities in cities, meaning privatised zones in cities that exclude people, is analysed.

Keywords:   gated communities, High Line Park, identity, New York City, place in public policy, place making, place marketing, place shaping

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