This chapter concentrates on the causes, outcomes and implications of segregation by social class using a broad perspective. It argues that there has been a long-term increase in class inequalities and polarisation in Britain and that the UK, as a whole, has levels of inequality. It describes how these spatial and class inequalities mean different life chances for people from different classes in different places. There is unequal access to higher education, unequal life expectancies and experiences of crime. Globally, there is also evidence of widening inequalities although there is considerable variation in levels of inequality in different countries.
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