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Social-spatial segregationConcepts, processes and outcomes$
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Christopher D. Lloyd, Ian G. Shuttleworth, and David W. Wong

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447301356

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447301356.001.0001

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‘Religious’ concentration and health outcomes in Northern Ireland

‘Religious’ concentration and health outcomes in Northern Ireland

Fourteen (p.335) ‘Religious’ concentration and health outcomes in Northern Ireland
Social-spatial segregation

Gemma Catney

Policy Press

The relationship between residential segregation by ethnicity and ill-health is well-documented, particularly with respect to US-based studies. However, little is known about the effect of the socio-political environment on health in Northern Ireland, where, while segregation has decreased, a large proportion of the population remain clustered residentially into Catholic or Protestant majority areas. Using the self-reported health measure in the 2001 Census of Population and individual level longitudinal data on mortality risk in the six years following the Census, this chapter explores the relationship between population clustering and (ill-)health. Do those who reside in an area in which they are in a ‘religious’ majority fair better in health terms, suggesting a protective effect of living with one’s ‘own’ group, where there may be greater intra-group social capital and better developed social support networks? Or does segregation have a negative impact on health in Northern Ireland, where, will extreme sectarian violence has now ceased, inter-communal tensions remain in some places? Are these effects the same for Catholic- and Protestant-dominated areas, and what is the effect of population mixing?

Keywords:   segregation, religion, self-reported health, mortality, longitudinal, census

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