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Climate change and povertyA new agenda for developed nations$
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Tony Fitzpatrick

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447300878

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447300878.001.0001

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Land: housing and urban densities

Land: housing and urban densities

Chapter:
(p.143) Eight Land: housing and urban densities
Source:
Climate change and poverty
Author(s):

Tony Fitzpatrick

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447300878.003.0009

This chapter discusses land, focusing upon housing markets and urban densities. It argues that housing-related poverty has risen due to a property boom, the decline in social housing and a shift in state subsidies towards income support. It observes that recent housing can also affect the natural environment adversely through the urban sprawl which creates densities lower than are ecologically sustainable. Poverty and sprawl therefore have a common denominator: the rent-seeking behaviour which typically favours owners above non-owners. This behaviour involves the manufacture of scarcities so that those enjoying a positional advantage can maintain their advantages, despite the social and environmental harms such behaviour often creates. The solution is to rebalance priorities so that non-positional goods come to the fore. One way of assisting this is through a Land Value Taxation,

Keywords:   land, housing, urban sprawl and densities, positional goods, Land Value Taxation

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