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Environmental harmAn eco-justice perspective$
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Rob White

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447300403

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447300403.001.0001

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Justice-based approaches to environmental harm

Justice-based approaches to environmental harm

(p.11) One Justice-based approaches to environmental harm
Environmental harm

Rob White

Policy Press

This chapter elaborates on the three approaches that singly and collectively contribute to and underpin an eco-justice perspective: environmental justice, ecological justice and species justice. Eco-justice is itself a complex notion that incorporates elements from all three justice approaches. Fundamentally, applying an eco-justice perspective involves weighing up the nature and degree of harm, in specific risk situations, in relation to humans, eco-systems and nonhuman species (including plants). Action outcomes and specific interventions can and should only proceed on the basis of detailed knowledge and discussion of these three types of injustice, and how they ‘fit’ together and overlap in any given circumstance. After briefly outlining these approaches, the main part of the chapter explores the conceptual and methodological challenges associated with defining and measuring ‘harm’, including environmental harm. The purpose is to raise issues and provide a background framing for the analysis of eco-justice concerns in subsequent chapters.

Keywords:   Eco-justice, Environmental justice, Harm, Risk

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