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Values in criminology and community justice$
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Malcolm Cowburn, Marian Duggan, Anne Robinson, and Paul Senior

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447300359

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447300359.001.0001

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Economic values and evidence: evaluating criminal justice policy

Economic values and evidence: evaluating criminal justice policy

Chapter:
(p.313) Eighteen Economic values and evidence: evaluating criminal justice policy
Source:
Values in criminology and community justice
Author(s):

Kevin Albertson

Katherine Albertson

Chris Fox

Dan Ellingworth

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447300359.003.0018

Economic theory seeks to determine the most effective use of scarce resources in achieving a given goal. This chapter discusses evaluation of criminal justice interventions with a view to increasing efficiency of service provision. Such analyses support evidence informed policy by comparing measured costs with benefits of interventions. However, in a political climate that promotes an increasing reliance on the private sector through marketisation, the very choice of intervention studied, and the costs and benefit to be measured, are based on value judgements. This chapter highlights the distinction between the positivist (value-neutral) values of economics and the normative (values-based) choice of the way economics is used.

Keywords:   Economic values, Evidence, Marketisation, Criminal justice policy, Cost benefit analysis, Evaluation, Efficiency

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